Ford Henry Inhaltsverzeichnis
Henry Ford gründete den Automobilhersteller Ford Motor Company. Er perfektionierte konsequent die Fließbandfertigung im Automobilbau, die allerdings schon Ransom Eli Olds in vereinfachter Form in seiner Automobilfirma Oldsmobile. Henry Ford (* Juli Greenfield Township (Michigan), USA; † 7. April in Dearborn, Michigan) gründete den Automobilhersteller Ford Motor. Henry Ford II (* 4. September in Detroit; † September ebenda), Sohn von Edsel Ford und Enkel von Henry Ford, war der Präsident der Ford Motor. Mit seiner visionären Idee, ein für jedermann erschwingliches Fahrzeug auf den Markt zu bringen, hat Henry Ford das Leben unzähliger Menschen verändert. Henry Ford revolutioniert mit der Einführung der Fließbandproduktion die Autoindustrie. Fahrzeuge werden so zum Massenprodukt und für jedermann.
Henry Ford revolutioniert mit der Einführung der Fließbandproduktion die Autoindustrie. Fahrzeuge werden so zum Massenprodukt und für jedermann. Unternehmer, Wohltäter - und Hitlers Vorbild: Der amerikanische Autofabrikant Henry Ford revolutionierte nicht nur die Fließbandproduktion. Mit seiner visionären Idee, ein für jedermann erschwingliches Fahrzeug auf den Markt zu bringen, hat Henry Ford das Leben unzähliger Menschen verändert.
Ford Henry - Der Diktator von DetroitIn: Spiegel Online. Fords Gesellschaftsentwurf bezieht sich allein auf die materiellen Aspekte menschlichen Lebens; Arbeit und deren sozialpolitische Einfassung werden als Fundamente der zu bildenden Gemeinschaft verstanden. Und trotzdem sollte jeder Betriebsmann in den Fordwerken wallfahrten, wie der Gläubige zum Grabe des Propheten nach Mekka. Piper Verlag , München , S. Henry Ford schuf so die erste industrielle Massenproduktion in seinen Fabriken. Die Selbstinszenierung in der Autobiographie 2.
Ford Henry VideoHow Ford Built America - The Man Behind The Automobile
Ford Henry Video(Henry Ford Documentary) - Ford's Model T : Ford Motor Company History - English Subtitles Ford drew controversy for his pacifist stance during the early years of World War I and earned widespread criticism for his anti-Semitic views and writings. Theodor Fritsch weigerte sich jedoch, die rund The development of mass-production techniques, which enabled the company eventually to turn out a Model T every 24 seconds; the frequent reductions in the price of the car made possible by economies of scale; and the payment of a living wage that raised workers above subsistence and made them potential customers for, among other things, automobiles—these innovations changed the very Norderney Facebook of society. InFord left home Revolut Konto work as an apprentice machinist in Ford Henry, first with James F. Summers October At a stroke he stabilized his workforce and gave workers the ability to buy the very cars they made. The original Lincoln Model L the Lelands had introduced in was also kept in production untouched for a decade untouched until it became too outdated. Die Artikel waren von verschiedenen Autoren geschrieben worden, Beste Spielothek in Hinterbuch finden auch von Fords langjährigem persönlichem Sekretär, Ernest G. Ford Motor Company. Henry war das älteste von Open Sun Magdeburg sechs Kindern. Er verhalf der US-Autoindustrie zu ihrem großen Durchbruch und ging überaus fair mit seinen Arbeitern um; dennoch ist Henry Ford bis heute. Unternehmer, Wohltäter - und Hitlers Vorbild: Der amerikanische Autofabrikant Henry Ford revolutionierte nicht nur die Fließbandproduktion. Henry Fords Autobiographie und ihre deutsche Rezeption in den er-Jahren. 1. Zu seinen Lebzeiten genoss Henry Ford (–) eine weit über die. Henry Ford. US-amerikanischer Gründer des Automobilherstellers Ford Motor Company. Sprache · Beobachten · Bearbeiten. Henry Ford; My Life and Work | Ford, Henry | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Mein Leben und Werk bzw. Ford gebar sich Ringo App nicht nur wie ein Diktator, wie Hitler war auch er ein überzeugter Antisemit. Lindbergh änderte allerdings nach der Reichskristallnacht am 9. Die Ford-Werke wurden bis Ende von der alliierten Bombardierung ganz verschont und danach auch nur wenig beschädigt. Fords Buch wurde in Deutschland zum Verkaufserfolg. Welche seiner Argumente wurden geschätzt und aufgenommen? Festschrift für M. Zu einer umfassenden gewerkschaftlichen Organisation kam es erst ab Klarna Erfahrungen 2020, nachdem Henry Ford und Harry Bennett das Unternehmen verlassen hatten. Dabei beobachtet er, wie die Metzger dort die Schweine schlachten und zerlegen. Einzig autorisierte deutsche Ausgabe von Curt und Marguerite Beste Spielothek in Bisperode finden, Die deutsche Rezeption Fords in den er-Jahren. Die Selbstinszenierung in der Autobiographie 2. Auch in Kulturzeitschriften wurde Fords Ford Henry nicht unbedingt euphorisch Fetish Chat, doch die Beste Spielothek in Schonau an der Triesting finden unterschieden sich stark von den eben erörterten. Das war ein Rekord, der die nächsten 45 Jahre Bestand haben sollte. Am Es soll produzieren helfen. Darin wurde die Verschwörungstheorie vertreten, das Weltjudentum habe ein geheimbündlerisches Komplott gebildet, um mit Hilfe seiner Macht in Wirtschaft und Hochfinanz die Weltherrschaft zu erlangen. Jahrhunderts gab es Stimmen, Bitcoins Sofort Kaufen derartige Arbeit als schädlich ablehnten. Das Auto ist nicht länger ein teures Luxusgut für wenige, sondern wird zum Fortbewegungsmittel für Ford Henry. In den acht folgenden Jahren verbreitete das Blatt antisemitische Artikel, unter anderem die Protokolle der Weisen von Zioneine Fälschung des zaristischen Geheimdienstes, die sich gegen JudenPhoto Booth AcceГџoires Selber MachenLiberale und Freimaurer richtete. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. For the use of photographs, audio and video material included in Beste Spielothek in Behringersdorf finden articles note the stated terms of licence and the rights holders.
Welfare work that consists in prying into employees' private concerns is out of date. Men need counsel and men need help, often special help; and all this ought to be rendered for decency's sake.
But the broad workable plan of investment and participation will do more to solidify industry and strengthen organization than will any social work on the outside.
Without changing the principle we have changed the method of payment. In addition to raising his workers' wages, Ford also introduced a new, reduced workweek in The decision was made in , when Ford and Crowther described it as six 8-hour days, giving a hour week,  but in it was announced as five 8-hour days, giving a hour week.
On May 1, , the Ford Motor Company's factory workers switched to a five-day hour workweek, with the company's office workers making the transition the following August.
Ford had decided to boost productivity, as workers were expected to put more effort into their work in exchange for more leisure time, and because he believed decent leisure time was good for business since workers would have more time to purchase and consume more goods.
However, charitable concerns also played a role. Ford explained, "It is high time to rid ourselves of the notion that leisure for workmen is either 'lost time' or a class privilege.
Ford was adamantly against labor unions. He explained his views on unions in Chapter 18 of My Life and Work. Most wanted to restrict productivity as a means to foster employment, but Ford saw this as self-defeating because, in his view, productivity was necessary for economic prosperity to exist.
He believed that productivity gains that obviated certain jobs would nevertheless stimulate the broader economy and grow new jobs elsewhere, whether within the same corporation or in others.
Ford also believed that union leaders had a perverse incentive to foment perpetual socio-economic crises to maintain their power.
Meanwhile, he believed that smart managers had an incentive to do right by their workers, because doing so would maximize their profits. However, Ford did acknowledge that many managers were basically too bad at managing to understand this fact.
But Ford believed that eventually, if good managers such as he could fend off the attacks of misguided people from both left and right i. Bennett employed various intimidation tactics to quash union organizing.
The Dearborn police department and Ford security guards opened fire on workers leading to over sixty injuries and five deaths. In the late s and early s, Edsel—who was president of the company—thought Ford had to come to a collective bargaining agreement with the unions because the violence, work disruptions, and bitter stalemates could not go on forever.
But Ford, who still had the final veto in the company on a de facto basis even if not an official one, refused to cooperate. For several years, he kept Bennett in charge of talking to the unions trying to organize the Ford Motor Company.
Sorensen's memoir  makes clear that Ford's purpose in putting Bennett in charge was to make sure no agreements were ever reached.
Sorensen recounted  that a distraught Henry Ford was very close to following through with a threat to break up the company rather than cooperate.
Still, his wife Clara told him she would leave him if he destroyed the family business. In her view, it would not be worth the chaos it would create.
Ford complied with his wife's ultimatum and even agreed with her in retrospect. Overnight, the Ford Motor Company went from the most stubborn holdout among automakers to the one with the most favorable UAW contract terms.
The contract was signed in June Now you're in here and we've given you a union shop and more than you got out of them. That puts you on our side, doesn't it?
We can fight General Motors and Wall Street together, eh? Like other automobile companies, Ford entered the aviation business during World War I , building Liberty engines.
After the war, it returned to auto manufacturing until , when Ford acquired the Stout Metal Airplane Company.
Ford's most successful aircraft was the Ford 4AT Trimotor , often called the "Tin Goose" because of its corrugated metal construction.
It used a new alloy called Alclad that combined the corrosion resistance of aluminum with the strength of duralumin.
The plane was similar to Fokker 's V. VII-3m, and some say that Ford's engineers surreptitiously measured the Fokker plane and then copied it.
The Trimotor first flew on June 11, , and was the first successful U. Several variants were also used by the U. The Smithsonian Institution has honored Ford for changing the aviation industry.
Ford opposed war, which he viewed as a terrible waste,   and supported causes that opposed military intervention.
He and about other prominent peace leaders traveled there. Ford's Episcopalian pastor, Reverend Samuel S. Marquis, accompanied him on the mission.
Marquis headed Ford's Sociology Department from to Ford talked to President Wilson about the mission but had no government support.
His group went to neutral Sweden and the Netherlands to meet with peace activists. A target of much ridicule, Ford left the ship as soon as it reached Sweden.
Ford plants in the United Kingdom produced Fordson tractors to increase the British food supply, as well as trucks and aircraft engines.
When the U. In , with the war on and the League of Nations a growing issue in global politics, President Woodrow Wilson , a Democrat, encouraged Ford to run for a Michigan seat in the U.
Wilson believed that Ford could tip the scales in Congress in favor of Wilson's proposed League. Ford wrote back: "If they want to elect me let them do so, but I won't make a penny's investment.
Ford remained a staunch Wilsonian and supporter of the League. When Wilson made a major speaking tour in the summer of to promote the League, Ford helped fund the attendant publicity.
Ford had opposed the United States entry into World War II   and continued to believe that international business could generate the prosperity that would head off wars.
Ford "insisted that war was the product of greedy financiers who sought profit in human destruction"; in , he went so far as to claim that the torpedoing of U.
Like many other businessmen of the Great Depression era, he never liked or entirely trusted the Franklin Roosevelt Administration, and thought Roosevelt was inching the U.
Ford continued to do business with Nazi Germany , including the manufacture of war materiel. Beginning in , with the requisitioning of between and French POWs to work as slave laborers, Ford-Werke contravened Article 31 of the Geneva Convention.
The number of slave laborers grew as the war expanded even though Nazi authorities did not require German companies to use slave laborers.
When Rolls-Royce sought a U. He "lined up behind the war effort" when the U. Before the U. Ford broke ground on Willow Run in the spring of , B component production began in May , and the first complete B came off the line in October At its peak in , the Willow Run plant produced Bs per month, and by Ford was completing each B in eighteen hours, with one rolling off the assembly line every 58 minutes.
When Edsel Ford died of cancer in , aged only 49, Henry Ford nominally resumed control of the company, but a series of strokes in the late s had left him increasingly debilitated, and his mental ability was fading.
Ford was increasingly sidelined, and others made decisions in his name. Ford grew jealous of the publicity Sorensen received and forced Sorensen out in They threatened to sell off their stock, which amounted to three quarters of the company's total shares, if he refused.
Ford was reportedly infuriated, but had no choice but to give in. In the early s, Ford sponsored a weekly newspaper that published strongly antisemitic views.
At the same time, Ford had a reputation as one of the few major corporations actively hiring Black workers. In , Ford's closest aide and private secretary, Ernest G.
Liebold , purchased an obscure weekly newspaper for Ford, The Dearborn Independent. The Independent ran for eight years, from until , with Liebold as editor.
Every Ford franchise nationwide had to carry the paper and distribute it to its customers. During this period, Ford emerged as "a respected spokesman for right-wing extremism and religious prejudice", reaching around , readers through his newspaper.
In Germany, Ford's antisemitic articles from The Dearborn Independent were issued in four volumes, cumulatively titled The International Jew, the World's Foremost Problem published by Theodor Fritsch , founder of several antisemitic parties and a member of the Reichstag.
In a letter written in , Heinrich Himmler described Ford as "one of our most valuable, important, and witty fighters". Ludecke was introduced to Ford by Siegfried Wagner son of the composer Richard Wagner and his wife Winifred , both Nazi sympathizers and antisemites.
Ludecke asked Ford for a contribution to the Nazi cause, but was apparently refused. While these articles explicitly condemned pogroms and violence against Jews, they blamed the Jews themselves for provoking them.
Friends and business associates have said they warned Ford about the contents of the Independent and that he probably never read the articles he claimed he only read the headlines.
A libel lawsuit was brought by San Francisco lawyer and Jewish farm cooperative organizer Aaron Sapiro in response to the antisemitic remarks, and led Ford to close the Independent in December News reports at the time quoted him as saying he was shocked by the content and unaware of its nature.
During the trial, the editor of Ford's "Own Page", William Cameron, testified that Ford had nothing to do with the editorials even though they were under his byline.
Cameron testified at the libel trial that he never discussed the content of the pages or sent them to Ford for his approval. Miller, a former Dearborn Independent employee, swore under oath that Ford had told him he intended to expose Sapiro.
That Cameron would have continued to publish such anti-Semitic material without Ford's explicit instructions seemed unthinkable to those who knew both men.
Stanley Ruddiman, a Ford family intimate, remarked that "I don't think Mr. Cameron ever wrote anything for publication without Mr. Ford's approval.
They formed a coalition of Jewish groups for the same purpose and raised constant objections in the Detroit press. Before leaving his presidency early in , Woodrow Wilson joined other leading Americans in a statement that rebuked Ford and others for their antisemitic campaign.
A boycott against Ford products by Jews and liberal Christians also had an impact, and Ford shut down the paper in , recanting his views in a public letter to Sigmund Livingston , president of the ADL.
Wallace also found that Ford's apology was likely, or at least partly, motivated by a business that was slumping as a result of his antisemitism, repelling potential buyers of Ford cars.
Ford's apology was well received. According to Pool and Pool ,  Ford's retraction and apology which were written by others were not even truly signed by him rather, his signature was forged by Harry Bennett , and Ford never privately recanted his antisemitic views, stating in "I hope to republish The International Jew again some time.
In July , before the outbreak of war, the German consul at Cleveland gave Ford, on his 75th birthday, the award of the Grand Cross of the German Eagle , the highest medal Nazi Germany could bestow on a foreigner.
The purpose of the letter was to clarify some general misconceptions that he subscribed or supported directly or indirectly, "any agitation which would promote antagonism toward my Jewish fellow citizens.
Distribution of The International Jew was halted in through legal action by Ford, despite complications from a lack of copyright.
Extremist groups often recycle the material; it still appears on antisemitic and neo-Nazi websites. The decisive anti-Semitic book I was reading and the book that influenced my comrades was I read it and became anti-Semitic.
The book made a great influence on myself and my friends because we saw in Henry Ford the representative of success and also the representative of a progressive social policy.
Robert Lacey wrote in Ford: The Men and the Machines that a close Willow Run associate of Ford reported that when he was shown newsreel footage of the Nazi concentration camps , he "was confronted with the atrocities which finally and unanswerably laid bare the bestiality of the prejudice to which he contributed, he collapsed with a stroke — his last and most serious.
Ford's philosophy was one of economic independence for the United States. His River Rouge Plant became the world's largest industrial complex, pursuing vertical integration to such an extent that it could produce its own steel.
Ford's goal was to produce a vehicle from scratch without reliance on foreign trade. He believed in the global expansion of his company.
He believed that international trade and cooperation led to international peace, and he used the assembly line process and production of the Model T to demonstrate it.
He opened Ford assembly plants in Britain and Canada in , and soon became the biggest automotive producer in those countries. In , Ford cooperated with Giovanni Agnelli of Fiat to launch the first Italian automotive assembly plants.
The first plants in Germany were built in the s with the encouragement of Herbert Hoover and the Commerce Department, which agreed with Ford's theory that international trade was essential to world peace.
In , Ford made an agreement with the Soviets to provide technical aid over nine years in building the first Soviet automobile plant GAZ near Nizhny Novgorod Gorky  an additional contract for construction of the plant was signed with The Austin Company on August 23, Ford sent his engineers and technicians to the Soviet Union to help install the equipment and train the working force, while over a hundred Soviet engineers and technicians were stationed at Ford's plants in Detroit and Dearborn "for the purpose of learning the methods and practice of manufacture and assembly in the Company's plants.
All the world is bound to catch some good from it. By , Ford was manufacturing one third of all the world's automobiles. It set up numerous subsidiaries that sold or assembled the Ford cars and trucks:.
Ford's image transfixed Europeans, especially the Germans, arousing the "fear of some, the infatuation of others, and the fascination among all".
They saw the size, tempo, standardization, and philosophy of production demonstrated at the Ford Works as a national service—an "American thing" that represented the culture of the United States.
Both supporters and critics insisted that Fordism epitomized American capitalist development, and that the auto industry was the key to understanding economic and social relations in the United States.
As one German explained, "Automobiles have so completely changed the American's mode of life that today one can hardly imagine being without a car.
It is difficult to remember what life was like before Mr. Ford began preaching his doctrine of salvation". In My Life and Work , Ford predicted that if greed, racism, and short-sightedness could be overcome, then economic and technological development throughout the world would progress to the point that international trade would no longer be based on what today would be called colonial or neocolonial models and would truly benefit all peoples.
Ford maintained an interest in auto racing from to and began his involvement in the sport as both a builder and a driver, later turning the wheel over to hired drivers.
He entered stripped-down Model Ts in races, finishing first although later disqualified in an "ocean-to-ocean" across the United States race in , and setting a one-mile 1.
Ford dropped out of the race and soon thereafter dropped out of racing permanently, citing dissatisfaction with the sport's rules, demands on his time by the booming production of the Model Ts, and his low opinion of racing as a worthwhile activity.
In My Life and Work Ford speaks briefly of racing in a rather dismissive tone, as something that is not at all a good measure of automobiles in general.
He describes himself as someone who raced only because in the s through s, one had to race because prevailing ignorance held that racing was the way to prove the worth of an automobile.
Ford did not agree. But he was determined that as long as this was the definition of success flawed though the definition was , then his cars would be the best that there were at racing.
Nevertheless, Ford did make quite an impact on auto racing during his racing years, and he was inducted into the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America in By this point, Ford, nearing 80 years old, had had several cardiovascular events variously cited as heart attacks or strokes and was mentally inconsistent, suspicious, and generally no longer fit for such immense responsibilities.
Most of the directors did not want to see him as president. But for the previous 20 years, though he had long been without any official executive title, he had always had de facto control over the company; the board and the management had never seriously defied him, and this moment was not different.
The directors elected him,  and he served until the end of the war. The administration of President Franklin Roosevelt had been considering a government takeover of the company in order to ensure continued war production,  but the idea never progressed.
He died on April 7, , of a cerebral hemorrhage at Fair Lane , his estate in Dearborn, at the age of A public viewing was held at Greenfield Village where up to 5, people per hour filed past the casket.
Funeral services were held in Detroit's Cathedral Church of St. Paul and he was buried in the Ford Cemetery in Detroit.
A compendium of short biographies of famous Freemasons , published by a Freemason lodge, lists Ford as a member. When he received the 33rd degree of the Scottish Rite in , he said, "Masonry is the best balance wheel the United States has.
In , Ford's pastor, and head of his sociology department, Episcopal minister Samuel S. Marquis, claimed that Ford believed, or "once believed," in reincarnation.
Ford published an anti-smoking book, circulated to youth in , called The Case Against the Little White Slaver , which documented many dangers of cigarette smoking attested to by many researchers and luminaries.
Henry Ford long had an interest in materials science and engineering. Henry Ford did not invent the automobile. But more than any other single individual, he was responsible for transforming the automobile from an invention of unknown utility into an innovation that profoundly shaped the 20th century and continues to affect our lives today.
Innovators change things. Innovation requires self-confidence, a taste for taking risks, leadership ability and a vision of what the future should be.
Henry Ford had all these characteristics, but it took him many years to develop all of them fully. His beginnings were perfectly ordinary.
Early on Ford demonstrated some of the characteristics that would make him successful, powerful, and famous.
He organized other boys to build rudimentary water wheels and steam engines. He learned about full-sized steam engines by becoming friends with the men who ran them.
He taught himself to fix watches, and used the watches as textbooks to learn the rudiments of machine design. Thus, young Ford demonstrated mechanical ability, a facility for leadership, and a preference for learning by trial-and-error.
These characteristics would become the foundation of his whole career. But young Henry was fascinated by machines and was willing to take risks to pursue that fascination.
In he left the farm to become an apprentice at the Michigan Car Company, a manufacturer of railroad cars in Detroit. Over the next two-and-one-half years he held several similar jobs, sometimes moving when he thought he could learn more somewhere else.
He returned home in but did little farming. By now Ford was demonstrating another characteristic—a preference for working on his own rather than for somebody else.
Ford did not know a great deal about electricity. He saw the job in part as an opportunity to learn. Henry was an apt pupil, and by had risen to chief engineer of the Illuminating Company.
But he had other interests. He became one of scores of people working in barns and small shops across the country trying to build horseless carriages.
Aided by a team of friends, his experiments culminated in with the completion of his first self-propelled vehicle, the Quadricycle.
It had four wire wheels that looked like heavy bicycle wheels, was steered with a tiller like a boat, and had only two forward speeds with no reverse.
A second car followed in Ford now demonstrated one of the keys to his future success—the ability to articulate a vision and convince other people to sign on and help him achieve that vision.
He persuaded a group of businessmen to back him in the biggest risk of his life—a company to make and sell horseless carriages.
But Ford knew nothing about running a business, and learning by trial-and-error always involves failure. The new company failed, as did a second.
To revive his fortunes Ford took bigger risks, building and even driving racing cars. The success of these cars attracted additional financial backers, and on June 16, Henry incorporated his third automotive venture, Ford Motor Company.
The Model T was easy to operate, maintain, and handle on rough roads. It immediately became a huge success. Ford could easily sell all he could make; but he wanted to make all he could sell.
Edsel gelang es auch, gegen die Einwände seines Vaters eine mechanisch betätigte Vierrad-Bremse und ein handgeschaltetes Schieberadgetriebe durchzusetzen.
Henry Ford hatte lange Zeit ein besonderes Interesse an Kunststoffen aus landwirtschaftlichen Erzeugnissen, auch aus Hanf. Bekannt wurde sein Soybean Car , dessen Karosseriepaneele aus einem sojahaltigen Kunststoff bestanden.
Ziel des Unternehmens war es, die Reifenproduktion vom teuren britischen Kautschuk aus Malaysia unabhängig zu machen. Örtliche Arbeitskräfte wurden mit sozialen Versprechungen angelockt, von denen so wenig eingehalten wurden, dass es zu Unruhen kam.
Letztendlich scheiterte das Mammutprojekt an der unzureichenden Vorsorge gegen Pflanzenkrankheiten, denen die nach sechs Jahren Arbeit erwartete Ernte zum Opfer fiel.
Am Henry Ford befürwortete, dass die Stelle von Harry Bennett übernommen werden sollte. Präsident Roosevelt zog sogar ein staatliches Darlehen für die Ford Motor Company in Betracht, damit die kriegswichtige Produktion fortgesetzt werden könne.
In den acht folgenden Jahren verbreitete das Blatt antisemitische Artikel, unter anderem die Protokolle der Weisen von Zion , eine Fälschung des zaristischen Geheimdienstes, die sich gegen Juden , Sozialisten , Liberale und Freimaurer richtete.
Diese Artikel richteten sich auch gegen Ford selbst, da er bereits am Bryant im Jahr Vorsitzender der Loge war. Im September erhielt Ford in New Jersey den Darin wurde die Verschwörungstheorie vertreten, das Weltjudentum habe ein geheimbündlerisches Komplott gebildet, um mit Hilfe seiner Macht in Wirtschaft und Hochfinanz die Weltherrschaft zu erlangen.
Juden seien angeblich sowohl für die Korruption in Wirtschaft, Gewerkschaften und im Sport als auch für den Ersten Weltkrieg, die Russische Revolution und den Amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg verantwortlich.
Im Januar wurde die antisemitische Kampagne der Zeitung zunächst ausgesetzt Ford wurden Ambitionen auf eine Präsidentschaftskandidatur nachgesagt, für die er auch jüdische Wählerstimmen benötigt hätte , jedoch erneut aufgenommen.
Die Artikel waren von verschiedenen Autoren geschrieben worden, darunter auch von Fords langjährigem persönlichem Sekretär, Ernest G.
Keiner der Artikel wurde von Ford selbst verfasst, aber da er der Verleger war, lag die Veröffentlichung in seiner Verantwortung. Das Buch Der internationale Jude wurde im Iran nachgedruckt.
Wiederholte öffentliche Appelle, nicht zuletzt von Präsident Woodrow Wilson , seine antisemitische  Hetze einzustellen, hatten zunächst keinen Erfolg.
Erst unter dem Druck einer Verleumdungsklage des Juristen und Farmeraktivisten Aaron Sapiro  und des Journalisten Herman Bernstein , vertreten durch Samuel Untermyer , entschuldigte er sich für die Hetzschriften des Verlags in einer öffentlichen Erklärung vom Juni Theodor Fritsch weigerte sich jedoch, die rund Ich las es und wurde Antisemit.
Ford produzierte insgesamt Vor dem Einmarsch der deutschen Wehrmacht ins Sudetenland erhielt sie von Ford eine Eillieferung von 1.
Die Ford-Werke wurden bis Ende von der alliierten Bombardierung ganz verschont und danach auch nur wenig beschädigt.
Dort wurden auch Zwangsarbeiter aus Konzentrationslagern eingesetzt, die man für vier Reichsmark pro Tag von der SS auslieh. Ford war der erste Amerikaner, dem diese Auszeichnung zuteilwurde.
Juli Mein Leben und Werk bzw. Die zuerst nur lokal ausgelegte Stiftung wuchs beträchtlich und hatte bis ihren Fokus auch national und international erweitert.
Er verstarb infolge einer Hirnblutung am 7. In: Spiegel Online.